About Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi is the world’s richest city in terms of per capita GDP and the wealthiest emirate of UAE. Abu Dhabi being the capital city of UAE, houses federal government offices throughout the city. It is the center of political, industrial, cultural and commercial activities in UAE.
Abu Dhabi has a rich cultural legacy complemented by ultra-modern infrastructure and facilities. Abu Dhabi is home to 11 airports, small and large. Abu Dhabi is gearing up to reduce its dependence on oil and diversify into tourism, which can clearly be deduced by the importance given to expanding the existing airport.
Abu Dhabi city was first settled in the mid-18th century as a hunting and pearling base. Its significance increased dramatically with the discovery of oil in mid-20th century and formation of UAE in 1971. Since then, the city has experienced a well-planned steady growth. Abu Dhabi is now a gracious, comfortable and well-functioning city of over half-million people.
Abu Dhabi is located at the intersection of the desert and the sea. During winter, temperatures of 20°C and temperatures exceeding 45°C in summer are common. Sea around Abu Dhabi is shallow and only has a depth of no more than 10m up to 50km. About 85% of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is a sand desert with spectacular dunes formed by the wind. About 7% of Abu Dhabi Emirate is covered by low lying salt flats that get periodically inundated.
The former general plan for the city of Abu Dhabi, prepared in the late 1980s, has served the city well during a time of measured growth. Its conceptual limits have now been reached and it does not have the scope to further shape the type and intensity of development that can benefit the city moving forward. Abu Dhabi is focusing on growth strategy being formulated on the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 plan, which will be a guiding document for the developmental plans of the city.
Abu Dhabi has a vibrant community of expats from all over the world, as is the case with UAE in general. Expats make up the majority of the population of the city.